Black Pomeranians: History, Genetics, Pictures & More

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Last Updated on September 20, 2023

. Pomeranians are one the most diverse breeds in ,, with a variety of colors such as white, orange, or brown. Black is one of the most desired. Although this color variation isn’t considered a distinct breed, it does represent a rare and highly-desired variant.

These pups are not only striking in their coats, but they also have the same traits as the rest. Pomeranians are still the most loved breed. Their intelligence, loyalty and larger than life personalities make them a great addition to families.

This article will look at Pom history as well as genetic makeup and more about the highly-coveted Black Pomeranian HTML1. The black coat color has a rarer status than the Pom. Let’s see what you can expect to find when you begin your search for a puppy!

Black Pomeranians

Breed History

To understand why the black Pomeranian breed is so rare, it is important to look at its history. Poms are part of the Spitz family , which also includes the Samoyed and Elkhounds.

The German Spitz was eventually bred to a size of 30 to 35 pounds. The Pomerania area of Poland , Germany and this smaller Spitz led to the creation of the breed’s name.

These dogs have been seen on various artifacts dating as far back as 400 B.C. Spitz breeds were found throughout Europe and Asia. They are known for their thick double coats and curled tails. There are many dogs that can be classified as Spitz breeds: Huskies and German Shepards. Poms were designed to be smaller and lighter than their counterparts.

Before the 15th century, the Spitz name wasn’t actually used. Instead, the name “Chienloup”, which is a wolf-dog, was used. It’s believed that this name was what gave rise to the French phrase “Lou Lou” (darling). Historians can’t find any records of the Spitz name before George 111th in England, so it’s likely the name wasn’t changed until later.

The most commonly believed origin is from Pomerania as mentioned previously. Multiple breeds from Europe do not have any connection to Pomerania or Germany. France called them Lili, Chien de Pomeranie or the Lou Lou, while in Holland they’re named Wolfshond or Keeshond as of the 1780s. Italians call these cuties the Italian Spitz, Florentine Spitz, Lupino, Cande de Quirinale, and the Volpino. It is usually found in striking yellow or orange colors.

Rise in Popularity

The 18th century saw the rise of the Pomeranian, or the wolf-dog in England due to fascination from English royalty. In 1761, King George 111th marriage to Queen Charlotte not only included her but her pet wolf-dog who was white in color. Pom is a specific breed of Pom , which was named after Pomerania . As seen in numerous paintings by nobles and kings, we know that these dogs were kept at home as pets.

William Taplin Discussed the Breed in Detail in 1803, “The Sportsman’s Cabinet”:

“POMERANIAN; or, WOLF-DOG. This dog is only 18 or 20 inches tall. He is also known as POMERANIAN in the United States.

Some are smooth, others have a short coat. The head is broad at the neck and narrows to the muzzle. The ears are pointed and pointed. The nose is black. The tail is large and bushy and curled around the back. Instances of smooth, or short- coated ones are very rarely seen; in England he is much more familiarly known by the name of fox-dog, and this may originally have proceeded from his bearing much affinity to that animal about the head; but, by those who in their writings describe him as a native of Pomerania, he passes under the appellation of the Pomeranian-dog.”

Black Pomeranian Rarity

William Taplin refers to the pure-black Pomeranian more rare variant of any yellow, cream or other lighter variant. They were nevertheless common enough to be noticed, which leads historians believe they were more widespread than they are today. The black coat likely originated from the German Spitz specifically as they provide the bulk of their genetic makeup. They are frequently seen with an all-black coat and were more common back in the 17th century than they are now.

In recent years,

Pomeranians are also popular for mixing ing other breeds .. This is difficult because of the size, but breeders have found ways around that as evidenced with the creation of the Pomsky.

Black Pomeranian Overview

The black Pom was a common breed at the time it was discovered. Although they were not considered rare ,, the rarer pure black Poms have become. The orange/yellow Poms are now more common than any other color. Although it is possible to breed black Pomeranians it is not easy to find one with a black coat.

The surest way to get a black variant is to breed two black Poms together. Even with two black parents, it is difficult to obtain a pure black breed. The breed’s DNA contains so many colors that it would not be surprising to see white puppies from black pups.


Poms are friendly, perky dogs who don’t realise they’re small. They will verbally or physically threaten larger dogs than them. The Pom doesn’t necessarily act aggressively they just love to show their owners how strong and big they are. They require exercise every day due to their energetic nature. However, this is only a short walk around the block.

They are independent and can be left alone when they reach adulthood. They are intelligent, loyal and well-behaved little lap dogs. They make excellent alarm dogs . Because they love to bark at passers-by, you’ll always be able to tell if someone is outside your door. Pomeranians can be good with children but they need to be careful as they aren’t as strong as larger dogs.


Pomeranians must be groomed in the same way no matter their color. They all experience seasonal shedding in early summer and winter, so it’s essential to brush your Pom multiple times a week as this happens. Their double coat needs to be maintained daily. You should brush your hair more often if you notice a lot of hair in the house.


Training a Pom means a lot of socialization. To ensure your pet isn’t shy or aggressive when meeting strangers or animals, take them along.

Most Poms have no issue with confidence – their barking is going to be the biggest habit for them to unlearn. To avoid problems down the line, it’s better to stop this behavior immediately. Prioritize crate training. Because they are small, they might need to be in their crate more often to keep from being bitten by larger animals.


These dogs love to run! Your Pom is black so it is best not to leave them out too much in the sun as they will get hotter .faster To avoid getting burned, keep an eye on their feet and take them off the pavement when it is hot. All they need is one to two 30-minute walks per day to stay healthy and happy. You can do it with a short walk in the neighbourhood or fetch.


This breed doesn’t need much to eat . Smallness has its benefits! It is important to monitor their weight, as they can easily become obese. They have a fast metabolism and can burn energy very quickly so it is a good idea to monitor how much they eat. It’s easy to calculate food amounts by pounds

because male and female Poms have the same size.

  • 1/2 cup for 1-pound puppy
  • 1 cup for 3-pound puppy
  • 1 and 1/2 cups for 5-pound dogs
  • 2 cups for a 6-pound dog

Adjust according to their needs. They are more likely to bloat if they are fed before going to bed. They will be more comfortable eating small meals over the course of the day, as they are more likely to eat at regular times. If you’ve recently adopted or plan to adopt a Pom, we’ve compiled a full list of excellent dog foods that most Pomeranians will love.


Small dogs can suffer from similar problems such as hypoglycemia and tracheal collapse. There are Pomeranian-specific diseases that include


Distichiasis: A congenital condition that causes eyelashes to develop an extra row.
Entropion: When the bottom eyelid rolls inwards.
Luxating Patella If the hind legs are not aligned correctly.
Alopecia: Hair loss.
Hypothyroidism: An autoimmune disease that results in a low metabolism.
Patent Ductus Arteriousus: A heart defect.

Most of these conditions are rare, with the exception of patellar luxation that can develop as your Pomeranian ages. Watch out for the buckling of the knees and a limp when walking. This is a sign that they might need surgery.

Living with a Black Pom

Pomeranians are easy pets to maintain and don’t need a lot of attention They are tolerant of different food preferences, but will usually eat what’s put in front of them. Regular grooming of the double coat is required at least once or twice per week. Daily brushing sessions are also necessary.

Although they are small, they do need to be active and thrive on .training. They are intelligent, quick learners and love performing tricks. They are a huge hit at shows because of this. They are usually friendly with smaller dogs, but they can be intimidated by larger breeds. If threatened, they will bark at them.

It’s best to buy your children as puppies to allow them to get to know you. They are not bad with children but can be more reserved if they are older. Children under five years old should be taught patience. They are often small and easily scared.

Pomeranians are excellent watchdogs . They bark at everyone who comes in or passes the house. Because of their small size and alertness, they make great companions for elderly dogs.

Spotting a Black Pomeranian

It is easy to spot a black Pomeranian puppy. Their long, double-black coat extends beyond their small bodies. It is difficult to determine whether the Pom you are looking at is pure black and has no breeding history or paperwork.

You’ll be able to tell this breed variation by the puffiness in its coat . Double coats will have thicker, more fluffy undercoats and longer, straighter tops. When pet, the coat will be coarse. There are many color options for poms, including white, orange and sable as well as black, brown, and rarest, blue.

These colors can be found in a single-color, solid or bi-colored coat. Merle Poms and Brindled Poms are some of the most unusual, with their unique patterns.

To determine if your Pomeranian truly is black, make sure that there are no spots of another color. You may see Poms that are mostly black with some white, tan or brown patches. This is called a “mismark.”

Black is a Competition Colour

Although it is interesting to see a Black Pomeranian compete in competition because of its rarity they don’t conform to .. If the Poms are not born with a merle gene that has blue eyes, a parti-colored or mis-marked Pom can still compete in any breed-specific competitions. The competition standard requires that Pomeranians have dark eyes.

It is important to note that merles cannot be in any breed organization or kennel club outside the U.S. The genetic deformity is beautiful and does not cause any problems. They are just prohibited in competition.

The black Pom must also have all their points, such as their lips and nose, rim around their eyes, and pads , black. If these points are not black, it is extremely rare and can often disqualify the perfect Black Pom from competition.

Award-Winning Black Poms

In the past 100 years, many black Pomeranians have won top awards over multiple competitions. One of the earliest was in 1911 when Mrs. Frank’s Prince Charming won the Best of Breed award. The color clarity and pigmentation of the Pom is enhanced by breeding black into the oranges or reds. You will need to pass this color on to your next generation if you want to breed it back in.

This is because black Poms are often overlooked in dog shows. Orange and orange sable are the most popular colors, but black Poms are more difficult to prepare for shows. They still win many competitions. However, it seems that adding more colors to your Pom is more beneficial at the moment.

Puppy Prices

Finding an accredited breeder is the best way to find a black Pom. It will be a big savings to find one at a local shelter . Although it’s difficult to tell if the Pom is healthy or pure black, even from a breeder you will have a better chance.

You won’t find these rare dogs for anything less than $800. However, the licensed dogs will often come at a higher price that could range between $1,000-$2,000, but it may be worth it for you if you’ll be sporting your new friend in a competition. Be cautious if you see something outside of this range.

Some breeders are in it just for the money, as with all industries. They don’t care about your puppy’s health. You’ll most often see breeders charging a premium to purchase what is known as a “black teacup” Pomeranian or “black-toy” Pomeranian. Poms can be small dogs. Mini, teacup, and toy are all bad terms. It usually means that they were bred to weigh less than the standard four to seven pounds, which isn’t good for their health in the long-term.

Your “Teacup”, may not be small enough for you to use. Another scam is when the Pom claims to be small or a teacup , when in fact they are not. A breeder may ask for more money than usual to purchase a Pom. Avoid this by researching the parents of any puppy that you buy before buying. It’s possible that the breeder will not allow you to do this.

Final Thoughts

Although there are no differences between a Pom regular and a Black Pom, their rare beauty and rarity make them appealing to breeders and great competition performers.

If you are looking for a small dog that can be trained and walked frequently (and they’re adorable, you’d love to pet them), then the black Pom is a great choice.

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