Newfoundland Dog Breed Traits & Facts

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Last Updated on September 20, 2023

. It is said that the Newfoundland is a strong, strikingly gorgeous dog that comes of the Canadian island that shares the identical name. They are a bit intimidating for people unfamiliar with them. They’re big and strong. Many people are amazed at how gentle and loving these giants are. They are often referred to as “Newfie”, are loved as pets of the family and guardians of the homestead.

It is common to see the Newfie frequently working since they were designed for use as an all-round aid close to the water. They are great swimmers and are able to perform well. They’re a fantastic option for families with children due to their gentle and compassionate nature.

This article will give you all the details you require regarding the magnificent.breed. We will go over their history and behavior and what they require to live a normal life as well as other subjects. The Newfie is an excellent method to prepare yourself for a life that is successful. Let’s get started!

Newfoundland Dog

Breed History

The Newfoundland is adored by a variety of people across the globe for centuries. Nana is a Newfoundland nurse canine, might have a name that you recognize. The early 1900s Barrie classic, Peter Pan. According to certain sources, she was inspired by the Barries’ Newfoundland. Luath .. Seaman, , another well-known Newfoundland was the owner of his, Meriwether Lewis. He was with him on the famous Lewis and Clark Expedition through the newly acquired territory of the US.

Seaman was the sole animal that survived the entire expedition that ran between 1804 and 1806. Boatswain is probably the most famous Newfie and was a beloved dog to Lord Byron. The poem The Epitaph of a Dog was written in honor of Boatswain and written on his tombstone on the ancestral home of Byron, Newstead Abbey. It’s touching to know that Boatswain has a bigger burial memorial than Byron.

While Newfoundlands are loved by many during the brief time they’ve been in existence, their history remains an unsolved mystery. We know where they came from within Canada, Newfoundland and Labrador. They were employed as work dogs on the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador, and most likely transported across the ocean to England in the 1730s.

The first references to one of the first mentions made to Newfoundland by their breed name was in the woodcarver Thomas Bewick’s The General History of Quadrupeds which was published in 1790. Thomas Bewick had never traveled beyond the northern part of England but had encountered Newfoundland dogs that were brought by settlers who came to Durham as well as Northumberland. This means that the breed may be well-known to other nations. It is however difficult to determine when the current breed standard for Newfoundlands was created.


Genealogy’s mystery grows. There are a myriad of theories regarding the origins of breeds of Newfoundland, however, it’s not certain which theories are valid. Some believe that the dogs have Tibetan Mastiffs’ ancestral ancestors however it is not proven to suggest that Tibetan Mastiffs came to Newfoundland at that time. The most accepted theory is that Newfies originated from dogs of the native area that were later blended together with Great Pyrenees dogs.

Although it’s difficult to determine the breeds that originated of the Newfoundland DNA tests have revealed that there are a lot of similarities between the dogs and contemporary dogs. Based on a study of the DNA of Newfoundland the dogs are closely related to others Canadian retrievers. They include Golden Retrievers, Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retrievers and Labrador Retrievers (who are to the exact same region! ).

The devotion of the Newfoundlands to their job is undeniable. In the last 100 years the dogs have been involved in a variety of various tasks. They were also often credited with helping pull carts to ports but they also used on fishing boats to assist in hauling nets and other cargo. They were sturdy and were capable of rescuing drowning people in rough seas, as to retrieve things that were lost on the water.

This amazing ability has led to them being the subjects of numerous artists who have captured their work both in sculpture and painting during the past two centuries. Sir Edwin Henry Landseer featured numerous Newfoundlands in his artwork of the region, usually in black and white colors. This is now referred to by the name of “Landseer” patterns.

Coming Back From Extinction

It is believed that Newfoundland was once close to being extinct. The year 1780 was the time Richard Edwards, the Commodore-Governor of Newfoundland made a decree that every household could legally possess just one Newfoundland dog. While the law did not permit breeding sheep however, it was intended to promote the breeding. It was believed that the Newfoundland dog population decreased in the course of many years because of either deaths or exports. In the end, there were just few remaining in the islands.

Conservation efforts of Newfie enthusiasts helped boost the Newfie population even though it was not legal. The breed was revived in Newfoundland several years after. The exportation of the Newfoundland has allowed it to grow in recognition throughout the world particularly in England as well as the other European countries. In 1886 in 1886, in 1886, the AKC acknowledged Newfoundlands as Newfie; Newfoundlands became the 32nd breed on the roster of the club.

It is believed that the Newfoundland is a very popular breed in the present. Although they’re rarely employed as deckhands anymore, they still work extensively in water rescue. The majority of Newfies are loved by families and are often used in the role of “nanny dogs” to families with children. They’re the fourth most-loved breed in the American Kennel Club’s ranking for 2019..


We’ve covered the background of the Newfoundland as an active dog. Given all the work they’ve held, it’s no surprising that they’ve developed a excellent behavior.. The Newfoundlands are strong, able dogs who are able to learn new things. They’re intelligent and loyal. If you are well-adjusted, Newfoundland can quickly learn new commands.

Newfoundland dogs can be content even when they’re just pets for the family. Newfoundland dogs are much more than work-oriented. They are affectionate and gentle. Their sweet disposition is regarded to be by AKC to be “the most important single characteristic of the breed.” The Newfoundland is known to be extremely patient even with easily agitated pets and children. Due to their sociable nature it is easy to socialize the Newfie. Pet owners should be cautious when introducing male Newfies to other male dogs slowly to reduce their anxiety.

*Newfoundlands are able to protect their families and their homes due to loyalty. They are, however, generally not dangerous. Newfies shouldn’t be or be crossed with dogs that are violent. This is a rare trait in Newfies particularly if they’re properly educated . You’ll be able to see the fact that you’ll notice Newfie is extremely attached and follows you wherever you travel. *)Newfies are calm, gentle sensitive, and protective. They possess a strong sense of obligation. They make a great therapy dog or service dog and are a great way to brighten the day of anyone. . They just need you to give them your love.

Size Appearance

It is believed that the Newfoundland is a big breed. It is evident just by taking a look. They are powerful and strong regardless of their sexuality. It is common for male Newfies to be around 28 inches withers, whereas females are around about 26 in. Males weigh between 130-150 pounds while Female Newfies are between 100 and 120 pounds. It’s not uncommon to see Newfoundlands grow much bigger than that, however they can be quite large, with some that weigh in excess of 200 pounds! The heaviest Newfie ever recorded was a staggering 265 pounds!

The AKC breed standard for the Newfoundland declares that they’re a “well balanced dog that is deep-bodied, heavily boned, muscular, and strong.” They’re usually larger than they are. The Newfie is a big head with broad muzzles, and strong cheekbones. The eyes of the Newfie are tiny and deep with a wide space. Newfoundlands are famous for their soft and regal expressions that show their charming personality. The triangular ears of Newfoundlands have round tips that hang on their cheeks. The breed is likely to be black in noses and brown eyes. But, some Newfies with a lighter hues might have eyes that are lighter and noses that are browner.

Like other giant breeds The Newfoundland is a strong dog due to their massive bones and powerful muscles. The Newfoundland’s legs have straight, parallel lines which gives an elegant, graceful posture. The Newfie’s elbow is measured from the ground and is found to be about half their height. The Newfie is an experienced swimmer. With webbed feet. The tails of their feet are lengthy at their bottom. If they are relaxed, they can be straight or slightly curled. Their tails may wag when they’re excited, but they don’t curl up on their backs.

Coats and Colors

Newfoundlands are warm and protected during the cold Canadian winters because of the double fur coat they wear. Newfoundlands are renowned by their oily coat, that is water-resistant due to the fact that they spend a lot of time in the water. Their fur coat is medium-length and very thick. It’s usually rough in texture and can be straight or wavy.

There are Newfoundlands frequently in black, however, the AKC recognizes brown, white grey, white and black. Like we said, white and black shades are often referred to as Landseer,. The solid-colored Newfies may have white in the chin, the chest, and the tip of the tail.

It’s not unusual to see bronze sheens on grey or black Newfoundlands. The lighter colors are often observed on coats that have lighter shades. While Landseer Newfoundlands are typically all-black, they may be seen sporting muzzles that are white. Their white coats usually have a saddle mark in black and white tail.

Exercise and Living Requirements

Newfoundlands despite their stunning body and swimming abilities, aren’t the most active breeds. While Newfoundland puppies are active but they get slower as they get older. While they require exercising, they are more likely to choose to do something that is easier. It’s an excellent ideato bring your kids swimming. If you live near the water, this is the perfect way to give them the physical exercise they require. If they aren’t keen to swim, then it’s fine to take them for walks each day.

Newfies must be kept in big homes because of their dimensions. Living in apartments is not easy for them. They are able to live in smaller houses however they are more at larger homes. If they exercise regularly, Newfies can be very at ease. Most of the time, 30 minutes a day is plenty of exercise.

Going outside for everyday activities will make them exhausted enough that they will feel at home. Newfoundlands can have a spacious, enclosed backyard that they can play around in during warm days. In terms of weather, due to the double coat of the Newfoundlands they are an preference to cooler climates. While they are able to tolerate warmer temperatures, their owners must be cautious! Newfoundlands are susceptible to heat and therefore owners should ensure that they have access to water and a place to cool down.


*) Training in the Newfoundland is simple. They are smart and eager to delight their trainers. Training should begin when they arrive at your house. Newfies are easily distracted.

. As puppies, it is crucial to be gentle with their development and to keep them in the right direction. It is not advisable to be rough with the dogs. The breed can be very angry if the owners aren’t considerate. Positive reinforcement is crucial. Leash training should be initiated immediately. It is likely that you will walk like a huge new puppy as they get older. It is essential to teach to not let them jump on other people. They are able to overwhelm the strongest humans when they are too excited. *) *) Newfies are well-socialized. They can be friendly with other animals and are known to be extremely affectionate to relatives they are able to trust. It is important to socialize them at an early stage in their lives to stop them from developing into Anxious ,or suspicious. To aid in helping your Newfie to become more comfortable with their surroundings and with the people living there, it is essential to do it gradually. It is recommended that you enroll your Newfoundland puppy in kindergarten classes if you are capable. This will allow them to get familiar with the other dogs.


The Newfoundlands are filled with strength and vitality. They possess extremely strong lungs which aid to swim for long distances, and even against powerful currents. Newfoundland Labradors have a shorter life span due to their size. dog. They only live between 8-10 years old however, being healthy can allow them to live for up to 15 years.

Although it is true that the Newfie is a tough dog, they may be susceptible to certain ailments. This is due to their size.. These aren’t common across all Newfoundlands however it is important to consider if you are planning in adopting one.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a typical disorder in Newfoundland. It occurs caused by the fact that the socket of your hip doesn’t correctly fit into to the bone of your thigh. This could result in an irregular posture A strange gait or a limp in either hind leg. Newfies People with hip dysplasia are extremely painful due to the fact that they have to carry a lot of weight on their hips and legs that are weak. The condition is usually passed down through the generations. Breeders who are responsible will test their pups for the condition. Find out if your breeder’s Newfie puppy has been tested for this condition.

Gastric Torsion

Gastric torsion, also referred to as gastric torsion or bloat is a problem that affects dogs with deep chests just as the Newfoundland. The gastric torsion process is a common occurrence when the stomach is full. This happens when the stomach is full of air or gas and then it twists. Since they’re unable to empty their stomachs, their blood pressure decreases. .. This can be a risky condition and can even be fatal. Be aware of symptoms like a bloated stomach, frequent drooling, anxiety, an increase in heart rate, and restlessness. Bloat is a frequent issue in Newfoundlands however it is possible to avoid it. Bloat is often caused by dogs that eat frequently or fast or drink excessive amounts of water, or exercise too much. immediately following eating . The gastric torsion could be avoided by feeding your Newfoundland the proper quantity of nutrition. Your Newfoundland shouldn’t be permitted to be engaged in vigorous activity until one hour has been passed since the last meal.

Eye Conditions

Newfoundlanders are more likely to suffer from eye problems such as cataracts or cherry eye. Cataracts develop when the eyes become cloudy. If they are not treated cataracts can lead to visual impairments. Surgery is usually advised.

The condition of the eye known as cherry is an eye condition in which the third eyelid expands. The swelling, reddened mass appears like an eyeball inside the Newfie’s corner. The condition can be addressed by surgery. Responsible breeders will ensure they ensure that their Newfoundland parents are examined by a vet Ophthalmologist to make sure that no genetic eye problems impact their offspring.


The health of dogs is directly linked with their food. Large dogs, like Newfies are the most benefit by dry kibble suitable to their weight. It is essential to provide them with the correct diet for their age, to ensure that they develop correctly as puppies and keep their health throughout adulthood.

Puppy puppies have plenty to develop. The growth shouldn’t be too fast. It could lead to issues with development, like hip dysplasia. Large Breed puppy foods to support the Newfie’s vigorous growth will provide them with the proper nutrients to ensure proper growth.

Older Newfies will require about 5-6 cups of dry kibble daily divided in two portions. It is important to not give the Newfoundland just one food per day, because they could eat the entire meal up due to hunger. This can cause gastric torsion. It is advised to eat a variety of breakfasts during the course of the day.

The exact amount of food your Newfoundland will require is contingent on a variety of variables. The nutritional and calorie requirements of Newfoundlands differ based upon their weight, size, and level of activity. Active dogs require more food, while older dogs might require less. If you are unsure, consult your vet for advice on the right amount of food for your dog. Overfeeding your dog frequently leads to obesity which can drastically reduce the length of their lives.


Because of the double-coated coat, owners must make sure that they give their pets a thorough grooming at least once a day. Newfoundlands shed like nobody’s business. It’s not unusual to see them shed more than an entire dog’s during spring and fall. To shed the excess fur, they should be groomed regularly during these seasons. Newfies also can benefit from a bi-annual deshedding using a good device, like the Furminator Deshedder.

Bathing in Newfoundlands is not advised unless they’re extremely filthy. They require protective oils to protect their skin from water and regular bathing could cause dry hair.. Dry hair is preferred. It is best to apply dry shampoo.

The grooming of your Newfie is an opportunity to bond with your pet. In order to let your Newfie to enjoy something that could otherwise be deemed undesirable, provide them with lots in positive encouragement.

Breeders & Puppy Costs

If you choose to adopt an Newfoundland puppy from a breeder, it is essential to make sure that they follow ethical standards when it comes to breeding practices. Unfortunately puppy mills are a common occurrence. Their aim is to earn as much money as they can. Parents and offspring are treated with a lot of disrespect for the profit. untrustworthy breeders often promote unusual colours for coats, eyes, or use other tricks to maximize the value of their animals.

Try to locate an Newfoundland breeder who is passionate regarding the breed. Breeders who are enthusiastic will show their love for Newfoundlands and will be willing to assist you with your questions. Responsible breeders will provide you with assurances regarding the health of your puppy and also certifications from the vet to confirm that there is no genetic issues. The most successful puppies are ones that are loved and treated as if they were part of the family.

Finding a reputable breeder can be easy by asking your veterinarian, the people attending local shows for dogs, or through the AKC’s breed-related sources. Newfies can be expensive right from the beginning, at around $1000 to $3000 USD for puppies from an ethical breeder. In addition to providing high-quality breeders, responsible breeders include important aspects in the cost. They often offer health certificates as well as deworming, vaccinations and microchipping in conjunction with their veterinarian.

Rescues & Shelters

Although it is possible to locate a responsible breeder your dog, we suggest to first look into local rescue and shelters. At a fraction of the cost of a breeder you can get a fantastic pet dog in need of an affectionate home. The US, 3.3 million dogs are placed in shelters every year and a large portion of them being killed. Adopting a dog gives it a new lease on life.

It is possible to find Newfoundland Rescues you can contact to see if they have puppies available. While most breeders who are responsible do not accept pups from litters, rescues are possible even for a gentle breed such as the Newfie. Research and find out what requirements each shelter sets for its clients. Shelters that are no-kill tend to offer their dogs better treatment which leads to happier dogs.

Good shelters will be able to tell you all regarding the pets they take care of. They can provide you with all the details about the past of your dog, its health , and training background. It is essential to be aware about the history of your pet in order to provide them with a better life. Shelter dogs are usually able to be gentle however, they are more prudent. Shelters are usually the home of older dogs.

Older puppies will have specific requirements that you have to take care of. The upside is of having a calmer personality. While these dogs are content to be in a loving home however, some might require rehabilitation. It is essential to conduct your own research on the requirements of every Newfoundland you’re thinking of adopting. This will help ensure that they live a happy and healthy life.

As Family Pets

  • Newfoundlands count among the biggest dogs in the world.
  • That means they’ll need an apartment that can house their needs.
  • Newfoundlands are incredibly sweet and affectionate.
  • They are able to thrive in various households and environments.
  • Newfoundlands love children and be a great fit when they are socialized early.
  • Newfoundlands are covered in oily coats that can mark walls and can track dirt into the home.
  • Prepare to be prepared to follow your Newfie around on the drool towel.
  • Newfoundlands are outdoor enthusiasts and especially in the water.
  • As “velcro dogs,” Newfies are known to be close to people all the time.
  • Newfies are often exuberant and can knock people over when they’re excited.
  • They are a bit independent, so be prepared to train them.

Final Thoughts

This article will hopefully shed some light on the incredible Newfoundland.. An thorough understanding of how to take care of the Newfie is an essential step to welcoming them into your home. When you’ve got the information to take care of your Newfie and help them to have a wonderful and prosperous future.

To ensure that their children are healthy and happy, Newfoundlands requires a High commitment . It is well worthwhile. The Newfies are extremely affectionate and have plenty to give. Perhaps more impressive than its bodies are the affection they display. They are great companions for families and are devoted beyond all measure. They are an excellent option for homes that require more warmth and jollity. Your pet and you will enjoy a memorable experience that you’ll be able to remember for the remainder of your lives.

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